Question: What Is The Best Heart Valve Replacement?

Can you live with only 2 heart valves?

The aortic valve in a typical healthy heart has three flexible “leaflets” that open and close to send oxygen-rich blood on a one-way route from the heart to the aorta.

But a person with a bicuspid aortic valve has only two leaflets (also known as flaps or cusps).

This can lead to life-threatening problems..

What are the signs of a bad heart valve?

Symptoms of Heart Valve DiseaseChest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips)Shortness of breath, difficulty catching your breath, fatigue, weakness, or inability to maintain regular activity level.Lightheadedness or fainting.Swollen ankles, feet or abdomen.

What type of doctor does heart valve replacement?

Cardiologists work with cardiac surgeons and other specialists to evaluate people with heart valve disease and determine whether heart valve repair, heart valve replacement or another treatment is most appropriate.

What is the most common heart valve replacement?

The aortic valve is the most common valve to be replaced. The mitral valve is the most common valve to be repaired. Only rarely is the tricuspid valve or the pulmonic valve repaired or replaced.

How serious is a heart valve replacement?

The risk of dying from an aortic valve replacement is around 1 to 3%, although this risk is much smaller than that of leaving severe aortic valve problems untreated. Most people who survive surgery have a life expectancy close to normal. Read more about the risks of aortic valve replacement.

Do you feel better after heart valve replacement?

Your chest, shoulders, and upper back may ache. The incision in your chest may be sore or swollen. These symptoms usually get better after 4 to 6 weeks. You will probably be able to do many of your usual activities after 4 to 6 weeks.

Can a heart valve be replaced without open heart surgery?

Stanford surgeons are now using a minimally invasive, catheter-based treatment to replace damaged valves. Called transcatheter aortic valve replacement, or TAVR, the approach can be used in patients who are at high or moderate risk of developing complications if they undergo traditional surgery.

What are the risks of aortic valve replacement?

Risks associated with aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement surgery may include:Bleeding.Blood clots.Valve dysfunction in replacement valves.Heart rhythm problems.Infection.Stroke.Death.

Do you have to take blood thinners after valve replacement?

For example, while a patient who’s received a tissue replacement valve may not need any blood thinners due to clot risks associated with the valve itself, he or she may need to be on the drugs, at least for a few months, for other reasons. The most common reason is atrial fibrillation, a type of irregular heartbeat.

What is the success rate of heart valve replacement surgery?

A recent study found that aortic valve replacement surgery has a 94 percent five-year survival rate.

How long do you live after heart valve replacement?

During a median 6.8 years (maximum 19 years) of follow-up, the observed, expected, and relative survivals were 21%, 34%, and 63%, respectively. The overall loss of life expectancy was 1.9 years, but was highest in those younger than 50 years of age (4.4 years).

Is a heart valve replacement major surgery?

Heart valve surgery is open-heart surgery through the breastbone, into the chest. It is a major operation that can last two hours or longer and recovery often takes several weeks.